Legal Term for Hierarchy

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The Canadian Dictionary of Social Sciences [1] offers the following meaning of hierarchy: The structuring of social status and roles within an organization or society, ordered according to differentiations of power, authority, wealth, income, etc. Related terms are classification or stratification. The oldest meaning of hierarchy in English has to do with the ranks of different types of angels in the celestial order. The idea of categorizing groups by rank easily transferred to the organization of the priestly rule or another state. The word hierarchy is indeed linked to a number of government words in English, such as monarchy, anarchy and oligarchy, although even today it is very rarely used in relation to government. EC internal market, free movement of goods, free movement of persons A hierarchy originally meant the power of the priest; For in the early days of societies, priests were entrusted with all power, but among the priests themselves there were different degrees of power and authority, headed by the sovereign pope, and this was called hierarchy. However, this does not mean so much the power of priests as the limit of power. From: Hierarchy of courts in the dictionary of Australian law » A judicial hierarchy determines which decisions bind which courts. There are some exceptions and complications to the following, but in general, and for most purposes, the higher a court is in the hierarchy, the more authoritative its decisions are.

I mean „decisive“ in the sense that the decisions of the higher courts oblige the lower courts to apply the same principle decided. Originally, the term was used to refer to government through a group of priests. Currently, a hierarchy is used to refer to any group of people classified or classified by ability, authority, position or rank. Search for `hierarchy of courts` in Oxford Reference“. In Task 5, you will be asked to further explore the structure of the tribunal. Categorization of courts according to strict levels of authority. A hierarchical system allows for judicial review of decisions of lower courts and tribunals by courts of appeal. It also allows. HM Courts Service [Tip: Hold down the Ctrl key and click a link to open it in a new tab.

(Hide hint)] It may be useful to open this link in a separate window of your browser. Middle English ierarchy rank or order of sacred beings, from Anglo-French jerarchy, from medieval Latin hierarchia, from late Greek, from Greek hierarch The word comes from the Greek hierarches, which was formed by combining the words hieros, meaning „supernatural, holy“, and archos, meaning. Hierarchy has extended its meaning beyond ecclesiastical and state affairs and is now commonly used in reference to one of the various forms of graduated classification. It will be useful to look at a diagram of the court structure for England and Wales. The diagram you will see is presented by the courts and tribunals, the collective term for judges who sit in the courts in England and Wales. Take a moment to look at the diagram of the court structure and familiarize yourself with the state of the various courts. There are over 200 Magistrates` Courts in England and Wales and thousands of magistrates handling a large number of cases every day. There are a large number of such cases (over a million per year), and they usually do not involve a dispute over the meaning of the relevant law, so these cases do not need to be pursued by other trial courts in the precedent system. In contrast, the UK Supreme Court deals with only about 80 cases a year and its decisions are binding on all other courts. The officers of a government, for example, form an increasing series of ranks or degrees of power, each rank being subject to the authority of the one at the higher level.

In most hierarchical arrangements, there are more people at the bottom than at the top. A group of people who form an ascending chain of power or authority. It may be helpful to see if you can find newspaper articles about cases in as many of these courts as you can identify. Originally ruled by a group of priests. Well, the body of officials of each church or ecclesiastical institution. Considered an ascending series of ranks or degrees of power and authority, with correlative submission, each to the other above. Derived every body of men. As an audience and as a chain of power, as described above.

Supported by Black`s Law Dictionary, Free 2nd ed., and The Law Dictionary.