Legal Definition of Citation

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n. 1) an announcement of a court appearance for the probable commission of a minor crime such as a traffic violation, drinking alcohol in a park where it is prohibited, releasing a dog off-leash and, in some states, possession of a small amount of marijuana. Failure to produce may result in an arrest warrant. (2) an announcement of an appearance before a court in a civil case in which the presence of a party normally required by law seems necessary, such as a person whose relatives wish to place them under curatorship (take charge and manage their affairs). 3) the reference (citing) of a law, precedent or legal textbook in a court (written statement of the court) or an argument before a court called „citing authority“. (4) the section of the Act or the name of the case, as well as the volume number, series of reports and page number of a case mentioned in a pleading, points and authorities or other legal arguments. Example: United States v. Wong Kim Ark, (1898) 169 U.S. 649, which is the name of the case, the year it was rendered, with the decision in volume 169 of the United States [Supreme Court] Reporter at page 649. A quote also refers to the case itself, as in „the lawyer`s quote on the Wong case is irrelevant.“ Some countries have a de facto citation standard that has been adopted by most institutions in the country. Reference to a legal authority, such as a case, constitution or treaty, in which certain information can be found.

Of course, legal citation in general and citation of specific cases can become much more complicated. Concurring and dissenting opinions shall also be published at the same time as the opinion of the Court. For example, to quote the opinion on which Justices Stewart and Black disagree, the quotation would look like this: During a court proceeding, „legal citation analysis“ – that is, the use of the citation analysis technique to analyze legal documents – facilitates a better understanding of interrelated legal compliance documents by examining citations, provisions with other provisions in the same document or between different documents. Legal citation analysis involves the use of a citation table extracted from a regulatory document that could complement e-evidence – a process that takes advantage of technological innovations in big data analysis. [1] [2] [3] [4] Main path analysis, a method that plots the chains of meaningful quotes in a citation graph, can be used to track changes in opinion over the years for a target legal area. [5] A number of U.S. states have adopted individual standards for public domain citations. [10] This quote is very similar to the citation in the Court`s opinion. The two main differences are the citation of the pin, page 527 here, and the addition of the names of the dissenting judges in parentheses after the date of the case.

This quote gives the reader useful information about the cited authority. Typically, a correct legal citation informs the reader of a source`s authority, how strongly the source supports the author`s statement, its age, and other relevant information. This is an example of a quote about a U.S. Supreme Court case: QUOTE, Praxis. An order made by a court of competent jurisdiction ordering a person named in the court to appear on a specified date and do anything mentioned in the order, or to provide reasons why the person should not do so. Proct. Pr. h.t.

In canon law, quotation is the beginning and basis of everything; It should have six conditions, namely: the insertion of the judge`s name; proverti; the disputing party; the means; location; and the time of publication; To this may be added the seal of the court and the name of the register or its representative. 1 bro. Civil Law, 453-4; Ayl. Adorn. XLIII. 175; Resp. Auth.: Ministère de Hall, Pr. 5; Merl. Rep. H.T. The summons also refers to the act by which a person is summoned or summoned. Legal citation is the practice of attributing and referring to authoritative documents and sources.

The most frequently cited sources of authority are judicial decisions (cases), laws, regulations, government documents, contracts, and academic writings. : a statement inviting a person to appear before a court: as: a procedure served on an interested party in succession proceedings b: a notification to a person that he has been charged with a minor offence (as a traffic offence); Also: the document containing the communication NOTE: Citations are issued in minor criminal cases as an alternative to arrest. Often, a person can accept the penalty indicated on the summons in writing and waive their appearance in court. 2: cite a case already decided or a recognized judicial authority in support of an argument; Also: the legend used to designate such a case or authority, especially as published in a ci·ta·tion·al [-shə-nəl] adj Police officers also issue citations for minor offenses, especially traffic offenses. The summons that an official gives to an offender indicates the charge and requires an appearance before a judge on a specific date, under penalty for non-appearance. Citations issued by police officers for minor offenses are generally only allowed for a crime based on the violation. Most jurisdictions do not allow summons-based evidence of arrest in a civil action based on the same facts. To refer to a specific case in a reporter, a label is given that includes the volume number, the name of the reporter and the page number. For example, if a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court were cited as 60 S.Ct.

710, the case would be in Volume 60 of the Supreme Court Reporter at page 710. To promote citation uniformity, many lawyers and law students use The Blue Book: A Uniform System of Citation, commonly referred to simply as The Blue Book. This textbook is co-published by Harvard, Yale, Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania Law Schools. Other citation manuals have also been published. When a court issues a summons, it orders a person to appear at a specific time and place. Failure by the person to comply with the requirements of a summons will result in a sanction by the court. On appeal, a court may issue a summons to appeal, inform the parties of the appeal and order them to appear before the court. The issuance of a quotation is necessary to transfer jurisdiction over the appeal to a court of appeal.

The clerk of a court is usually required to issue an estimate. Cases are published in a series of books called reporters, which are compilations of court decisions made in a particular court, state, or jurisdiction. The rapporteurs are published in consecutively numbered volumes, each containing the most recently decided cases. When the volume of a group of journalists becomes too high, the editor begins a new sentence with a new set of numbers. A paper that is commonly used in various dishes – for example, an probate, matrimonial or circulation court – that is served on a person to inform them that they must appear at a certain time and place.