In the ATT, however, it is illegal to „camp“ or keep a caravan: in several jurisdictions, people who must register as sex offenders are not allowed to stay a certain distance from schools, parks or other places where children can gather.  The officer may ask this person to stop loitering or ask members of this group to disperse, as the case may require. Nicolas Sarkozy`s 2003 internal security law stipulates that young people convicted of strolling through stairwells or entering buildings face up to two months in prison. It also punishes squatters and beggars who work in groups with six months in prison and a fine of €3,750 (€4,200). Sarkozy`s law came with a series of „broken windows“ style codes designed to clean public spaces in France, including penalties for prostitutes who „passively recruit“ customers by their „dress or attitude.“ Beginning in 2006, measures such as the Homeland Security Act enjoyed „popular support,“ according to sociology scholar Phil Hubbard. Loitering as a criminal offence is usually associated with intent to commit a criminal offence – such as drug trafficking or burglary. Under section 49B of the Summary Offences Act of Victoria, a person is considered to be loitering with intent to commit a criminal offence if the person: Believe it or not, the question of what vagrancy is was addressed in Samuels v. Stokes when Gibbs J. analyzed the term in relation to the dictionary definition. and concluded that the term had not acquired a fixed legal meaning. However, a number of states have errant crimes on their books.
We`ve probably all come across a „No Wandering“ sign somewhere on our travels and probably paid little attention to the message the sign conveyed. Because, hey, if loitering was a crime, then teenagers wouldn`t be fined tomorrow. However, we are probably a bit multifaceted in our little introduction to loitering because it can be a criminal offence in certain circumstances and if you are curious, read on. This also applies to their effectiveness in monitoring riots. Protesters in Ferguson, Missouri, who were not arrested for „walking down the street,“ were often arrested for violating the city`s comprehensive loitering ordinance, which can be applied to anyone who „obstructs or impedes the passage of people or vehicles on, through or on a street“ and ignores a police order to move. In 2012, New York City was ordered to pay $15,000,000 in a class action lawsuit to enforce laws that had already been repealed in 1983. In particular, these laws prohibited loitering, strolling on buses or train stations, and strolling in search of a sexual partner. It was declared illegal by the U.S. Supreme Court (Chicago v. Morales, 527 U.S.
41 (1999)) as unacceptably vague and without clear guidelines for acceptable citizen behavior. In 2000, the city passed a revised version of the ordinance to remove unconstitutional elements. Loitering was defined as „staying in a place in circumstances that would warrant a reasonable person to believe that the purpose or effect of such conduct is to enable a criminal street gang to control identifiable areas, intimidate others, enter or conceal illegal activities.“ England, the birthplace of the Tramp Act, is now a place where you can hang out freely in certain tight conditions (although you should watch out for pavement roofs). The UK`s Suspect Persons Act, a stop and search program for „deliberately loitering“ used primarily to harass minorities, died in 1981. Nevertheless, you can be arrested in the UK if you intentionally obstruct free passage along a motorway, beg or „cause harassment, alarm or distress“, which carries Level 2 and 3 fines of up to £1,000 (£1,500). Many states have enacted laws regarding the loitering of a sex offender in a public place, such as section 11G of the New South Wales Summary Offences Act. Under New South Wales law, a convicted sex offender commits a crime if he or she is in the vicinity of a school or public place frequented by children, or if children are present while loitering – without reasonable excuse. (1) If a person is in a public place or if a group of people is assembled in a public place and a police officer has reasonable grounds to believe or make an arrest, it is unlawful to be in a public place to offer or receive commercial sexual services (e.g. prostitution).
The maximum penalty for this is 3200 US dollars. Police officers may ask a person to stop loitering in a public place (i.e. to leave the place) if they have reasonable grounds to believe that if a police officer has reason to believe that a person prowling a public place belongs to a prescribed class, the officer may require the person to indicate the reason for: that it is there.