Definition of Freedom as a Pillar of Democracy

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Usually, people in non-democratic countries are unable to express their own opinions, so lack of representation is the exact opposite of democratic ideas. Since citizens live in the country, each of them should have the freedom to decide the future of the country. Freedom of the press, the right to report news or broadcast opinions without government censorship, is a fundamental human right and correlates with democracy and „a culture of openness.“ It is part of the United Nations` Sustainable Development Goal 10, Goal 16.10, which „ensures public access to information and protects fundamental freedoms in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.“ It plays an important role in informing citizens about public affairs, giving them the right to express their opinions without fear of punishment, and monitoring the actions of governments at all levels. In the absence of a free press, citizens cannot be informed of current events and events; As a result, they cannot truly participate in their communities by making informed decisions or contributing to balanced democracies. Despite its importance and the efforts of several institutions to ensure press freedom, threats to press freedom remain. We must therefore think about how and where freedom of the press applies. Why can`t some media report freely and critically, without threat or fear? Why does it differ from country to country? What can be done to ensure freedom of the press? Freedom is one of the most essential parts of any society that wants to identify itself as democratic because it is the main factor that distinguishes democracy from authoritarianism and totalitarianism. These pillars of democracy are the main basis for ensuring people`s rights and freedoms. They are the key to a prosperous democratic society in which all citizens are treated equally and respectfully. We hope that one day the violation of human rights in Nigeria will cease and that the democratic society that our political leaders are trying to build will truly flourish. „It is a paradox that all dictators have come to power on the scale of freedom of expression. Immediately after taking power, every dictator suppressed all freedom of expression except his own.

Herbert Hoover Meaning and Definition: Duhaime`s Dictionary of Law defines language as „the expression of an idea in circumstances where it is likely that the message will be understood.“ In the general sense, it can be said that „language is the expression of someone`s ideas, thoughts and opinions towards the audience“ through word of mouth, writing, printing, image, film, film, etc. Article: Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: „Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes the freedom to represent and solicit opinions without interference, to receive and impart information and ideas through all media and regardless of borders. And Article 19(1)(a) of the Indian Constitution states that „all citizens have the right to freedom of speech and expression.“ Where Article 19(1)(a) gives us a fundamental right to speak and express an opinion, it also contains certain restrictions under Article 19(2) of the Indian Constitution, which states that the State may enact a law that „appropriately restricts“ the exercise of the right to freedom of speech and expression „in the public interest for the following reasons: 1. State security 2. Friendly relations with foreign States 3. Public order 4. Decency or morality 5. Contempt of court 6. Defamation 7. Incitement to insult India`s sovereignty and integrity. There is death and decadence in a country that lacks freedom. The mother of development and liberation is freedom.

(1906) Freedom of expression is the basis of other rights, including freedom of the press. But how can we say that we have a free press if we are not even sure that we are allowed to express our opinion without restrictions? It seems that the press is at the forefront of this important issue. Some people may think that the 21st century is the era of freedom; However, newspapers, online or offline media, and especially journalists are still in great danger by following certain rules that restrict them on several levels. Democracy is broadly defined as „rule of the people“ because it is derived from the Greek word „demokratia“, which consists of two parts meaning „people“ and „rule“.